Thermographic Anatomy and Physiology

Thermographic Anatomy and Physiology

James Christiansen, PhD

HEAT PRODUCTION

Heat is continuously produced in the body as a by-product of metabolism. Three major factors determine the rate of heat production: basal metabolic rate, specific organ activity, and local muscular activity.

A person’s basal metabolic rate is largely a function of predetermined hypothalamic set points in the central nervous system (CNS) and hormonally controlled metabolism, influenced primarily by secretions from the hypo- thalamus and thyroid glands. Metabolic heat production remains constant throughout the thermoneutral range of environmental temperatures, principally through reflex changes in the body’s insulative and heat distribution mechanisms. These reflex vascular changes may alter the thermal profile as seen thermographically, but they have little importance in the interpretation of diagnostic thermography. Instead, diagnostic thermography is based for the most part on thermal asymmetries, right to left, and the relation of discrete surface areas to their surroundings. Although thermography has been used in an attempt to measure basal metabolic rate (1), it has little relevance for clinical diagnosis and will not be considered here.

The metabolic activity of individual organs may have a profound effect on
the overall temperature of the body. For example, metabolic heat production following a meal has been termed “food inducible thermogenesis” (2), and is related to increased metabolism during digestion. Disease processes within visceral organs may also stimulate metabolism. Bacterial and intrinsic pyrogens may produce fever, such that body temperature may increase dramatically. The heat generated by visceral metabolism is transferred directly to the blood passing through these organs.

 

Read Study Here

Thermography By: Jonathan Mueller, DC

THERMOGRAPHY

By: Jonathan Mueller, DC

Does the subluxation exist in clinical practice? Do we know for a fact that we correct them? Are we absolutely sure our patients are not made worse with our care? How do we know which adjustment is most efficacious? We as a profession stand on the principles of the vertebral subluxation, yet examine our patients with subjective measures. Can we as field practitioners truly answer these questions without objective instrumentation?

Read Study Here

 

Upper Cervical Care and Multiple Sclerosis

Upper Cervical Care and Multiple Sclerosis

Dr. Clayton Sullwold D.C.

 

The Major Premise of Upper Cervical Care is that there is a subluxation (vertebral misalignment with nerve interference) in the upper cervical spine interfering with the expression of life in the body. Throughout the body, nerve fibers travel from the brain down the spinal cord to every tissue, organ and cell of the body. It is these nerve fibers that carry mental impulse from the brain which nourish the body and allow for proper communication from the brain to the body and back to the brain again. Misalignments throughout the spine can interfere with these messages causing decreased signaling throughout the body depending on which nerve root is compressed and which part of it is interfered with as it exits the spine. A nerve, although impinged, will still fire to the extent it can into the body and the end organ it innervates.

The aforementioned is true of everywhere in the spine except for the upper cervical area. The first two bones in the cervical spine just below the skull house the brainstem as it exits the foramen magnum. The nerve fibers that flow through the brainstem do not fire partially like the rest of the nerve roots in the spine. They follow what is called, “the all or none principle,” meaning that fibers in the brainstem either give you everything or they give you nothing. If there is pressure on the brainstem shutting down the fibers to the body then whatever those fibers innervate; that part of the body loses life. For example, if the fibers to the heart are compressed long enough over time a heart palpation can develop or high blood pressure ensues as tissues start breaking down faster than they can repair. This is in essence, a “loss of life” or a “paralysis” as energy is no longer flowing at 100% to the body structure.

Since there are no pain receptors in the brain, brainstem, or spinal cord there is usually no direct symptomatic response to spinal subluxations (vertebral misalignment with nerve interference). Disease and breakdown occur overtime as life giving energy is slowly drained. Often degenerative diseases which take years to develop are often the result in this breakdown of communication; the top three conditions being, osteoarthritis, cancer, and heart disease. All are due to a body building itself unhealthy instead of healthy.

Damage to the brain does occur with trauma and many cases can still function somewhat normally. This is evident in President Ronald Regan’s secretary who was shot through the brain and lived. The same holds true of the spinal cord. However, this does not hold true of the brainstem which is the old animal brain and is responsible for all bodily functions such as heart, digestive, lung, hormone, eye, ear, and sinus function as well as balance and equilibrium. If the brainstem is so much as bruised, death results. The brainstem acts as a huge processing center which controls and coordinates all the functions of the body given that it has no interference.

The body heals not because of upper cervical care but in response to it. Once interference is removed from the brainstem by correcting the upper cervical subluxation the body will resume functioning at its highest capacity possible. Increased neurological supply of life to the body generates and restores the healing response innate to the individual.

Below the level of subluxation is paralysis as previously discussed in this paper. Above the level of subluxation we see a congestion in the brain occur. This congestion can be likened to a dam constructed where the water below is restricted and the water behind is slowed and pooled. This phenomenon has been noted in multiple sclerosis patients with cerebral spinal fluid and venous drainage stagnation seen with 3D cat scan imaging. Congestion in the brain leads to conditions such as: mental fogginess, improper decision making, increased emotional turmoil and tension, emotional outburst, lack of mental clarity as well as anxiety and depression. The reason for these phenomena is due to the fact that part of the brain stem is the amygdala which is the center of emotions and is part of the old animal brain located in the center of the cerebral hemispheres.

Compounding this issue is the subject of trauma. As with most traumatic experiences whether emotional, mental, or physical, the sympathetic nervous system is the predominate overriding force attributed to dysfunction. When added to the already compromised function of the brainstem, a sympathetic dominate state is like driving a car with a stuck accelerator. No matter what you try to do, you will keep running the same course until you can unstick the accelerator. Until you restore the state of the nervous system to a parasympathetic state you are stuck in sympathetic overdrive which is long term fight or flight and almost always results in adrenal burnout, physical exhaustion, and emotional fatigue.

In the studies with MS patients it was found that 100% of the patients examined had trauma to the upper cervical spine (i.e. car wreck, whiplash, or fall, etc.). It was also found that of the 77 patients examined in the study all responded positively to upper cervical care. There was a reduction of more than 50% of the symptoms attributed to the disease, verified by both x-rays and clinical results. Based on these findings the doctors in charge of the study have stated that, “Upper Cervical Care should be a primary treatment of the mechanical cause of MS and there is evidence that upper cervical care can prevent the disease.”

When looking at how upper cervical misalignments can occur and impact the nervous system and particularly the brainstem it is assuring to know that there is a solution. When the source of the problem is corrected the body can then begin to heal emotionally, mentally, and physically. As we remove the block to life flow from the brain to the body the likened damn is released allowing water to flow smoothly and effortlessly. This is the innate intelligence that we are. If we could live a life free from subluxation we could live a life with the ability to adapt to our stresses, overcome our traumas, and move through our trapped emotions much more effectively and efficiently.

Upper Cervical Care utilizes state of the art technology such Specific Upper Cervical X-rays and Computed Infrared Thermography to determine when to make a correction and if brain stem pressure is present.

Dr. Clayton Sullwold D.C. is a certified upper cervical chiropractor having completed post-doctoral work in upper cervical care. He is a certified animal chiropractor through the International Veterinary Chiropractic Association and he lives and practices in Durango, Colorado with his beautiful wife Dr. Petra.